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What is the difference between SFP 10G ER and SFP 10G ZR?
Knowledge Base + 2024.01.12

SFP 10G ER (Extended Range) and SFP 10G ZR (Zero Dispersion Shifted Reach) are both types of 10 Gigabit Ethernet (10GbE) transceiver modules designed for extended-range optical connectivity. While they share similarities, there are differences in their intended use cases, reach, and specifications:

  1. Reach:

    • SFP 10G ER (Extended Range): Typically designed for extended-range connections and can support distances of up to 40 kilometers (km) or more. It is suitable for applications requiring connectivity over longer distances.

    • SFP 10G ZR (Zero Dispersion Shifted Reach): Designed for even longer-range connections and can support distances up to 80 km or more. It is intended for use in applications that demand extended reach beyond what ER modules provide.

  2. Wavelength:

    • SFP 10G ER: Operates with a wavelength around 1550 nanometers (nm).

    • SFP 10G ZR: Also operates with a wavelength around 1550 nm. The specific wavelength may vary, but it's generally in the 1550 nm range.

  3. Application:

    • SFP 10G ER: Suited for applications that require extended reach within a metro or regional network.

    • SFP 10G ZR: Designed for long-distance connections, often used in long-haul or inter-city network links.

  4. Dispersion:

    • SFP 10G ER: Handles dispersion in the optical signal over the extended range.

    • SFP 10G ZR: Specifically designed to address zero dispersion, which optimizes signal quality over longer distances.

  5. Data Rate:

    • Both SFP 10G ER and SFP 10G ZR are designed to support a data rate of 10 gigabits per second (Gbps), which is standard for 10GbE applications.

It's important to note that the specific characteristics and compatibility of these modules may vary between manufacturers. When selecting a transceiver for a particular application, it's crucial to refer to the datasheets and documentation provided by the module manufacturer for accurate and detailed specifications. Additionally, compatibility with the networking equipment being used should be considered to ensure proper functionality.