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What is the difference between LR and ER SFP?
Knowledge Base + 2024.01.10

SFP stands for Small Form-Factor Pluggable, and LR and ER refer to the types of optical transceivers used in fiber optic communications. Here's a brief explanation of the differences between LR (Long Range) and ER (Extended Range) SFP transceivers:

  1. Distance Reach:

    • LR (Long Range): LR SFP modules are designed for longer-distance transmissions. They typically support distances up to 10 kilometers (km) over single-mode fiber (SMF).

    • ER (Extended Range): ER SFP modules provide an even longer reach compared to LR modules. They are designed for extended-distance transmissions and can support distances up to 40 km over single-mode fiber.

  2. Transmission Wavelength:

    • LR (Long Range): LR modules usually operate at a nominal wavelength of around 1310nm.

    • ER (Extended Range): ER modules also operate at a nominal wavelength of around 1550nm.

  3. Use Cases:

    • LR (Long Range): LR SFPs are commonly used in applications where the required transmission distance falls within the LR range, such as metro and access networks.

    • ER (Extended Range): ER SFPs are employed when longer-distance communication is necessary, typically in scenarios like long-haul connections in telecommunications.

  4. Cost:

    • Generally, ER modules tend to be more expensive than LR modules due to their extended reach capabilities.

It's important to note that compatibility with specific networking equipment, as well as the characteristics of the optical fiber infrastructure in use, should be considered when choosing between LR and ER SFP modules for a particular application. Always refer to the specifications provided by the equipment manufacturer and the SFP module datasheets to ensure compatibility and optimal performance.