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What is the difference between 100G, 400G and 800G optical modules?
Knowledge Base + 2024.04.15

In optical communication systems, optical fiber serves as the transmission medium, transmitting signals in the form of light. However, the analysis and processing of information require signals to be in an electrical state. Optical modules are one of the core components of optical fiber communication systems, primarily responsible for optical-electrical conversion. Optical modules include optical receivers, optical transmitters, integrated optical transceivers, and optical transponders. They are mainly composed of optical transmitting components (including lasers), optical receiving components (including photodetectors), drive circuits, and optical-electrical interfaces.

The difference between 100G, 400G, and 800G optical modules lies primarily in their transmission speeds and corresponding applications:

100G Optical Modules:

Transmission Speed: 100 Gigabits per second (Gbps)

Applications: Widely used in data centers, telecommunications networks, and high-speed computing environments where high-speed data transmission is required. They are suitable for backbone connections, inter-data center connections, and high-capacity network links.

400G Optical Modules:

Transmission Speed: 400 Gigabits per second (Gbps)

Applications: Designed for ultra-high-speed data transmission requirements, 400G optical modules are used in advanced data center architectures, cloud computing environments, and telecommunications networks where massive data transfer rates are essential. They are deployed for high-density interconnects, high-capacity backbone links, and demanding applications such as high-definition video streaming, artificial intelligence, and machine learning.

800G Optical Modules:

Transmission Speed: 800 Gigabits per second (Gbps)

Applications: 800G optical modules represent the next level of optical networking technology, offering even higher data transmission rates than 400G modules. They are anticipated to be deployed in future network architectures requiring unprecedented levels of bandwidth and performance. Applications may include ultra-high-definition video streaming, advanced cloud computing, big data analytics, and emerging technologies such as virtual reality and augmented reality.

In summary, while 100G optical modules are widely deployed in current networks, 400G modules offer significantly higher data rates for more demanding applications, and 800G modules represent the cutting-edge of optical networking technology with even greater bandwidth capabilities.

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